The 10 Most Dangerous Countries in 2023: A Comprehensive Overview

May 24, 2023 | 


Joanna Newman



In an ever-changing world, the level of safety in different countries varies widely due to factors such as political instability, crime rates, natural disasters, and health crises. Here, we delve into the list of the ten most dangerous countries in 2023 based on the Global Peace Index (GPI), which considers a wide range of indicators including societal safety and security, ongoing domestic and international conflict, and militarization. Please note that while travel to these countries is not recommended, they are home to millions of people who, despite adversity, are striving to improve their circumstances.


Syria remains at the top of the list, due to the ongoing civil war that has torn the country apart since 2011. Despite intermittent peace talks, violence persists, disrupting daily life and causing a humanitarian crisis. Infrastructure is heavily damaged, basic services are scarce, and the nation is fraught with human rights abuses.


In Afghanistan, political instability has reached an all-time high following the withdrawal of foreign troops. With the Taliban in control, the country's security situation has deteriorated, resulting in widespread violence, human rights violations, and limited access to education and healthcare.

South Sudan

South Sudan has been ravaged by a civil war since its independence in 2011. Despite peace agreements, factional fighting and ethnic violence persist, resulting in mass displacement and food shortages. The humanitarian crisis is further exacerbated by economic instability and lack of infrastructure.


Yemen's conditions continue to worsen amid an ongoing conflict between the Houthi rebel movement and the Yemeni government, backed by a Saudi-led coalition. The conflict has led to a severe humanitarian crisis, with millions of people facing famine and disease outbreaks, including cholera and COVID-19.


Despite efforts to stabilize Iraq after the defeat of the Islamic State, the country remains plagued by sporadic violence, political unrest, and economic turmoil. Sectarian tensions, corruption, and poor governance further contribute to its dangerous status.


In Somalia, instability reigns due to decades-long civil war, terrorism, piracy, and political corruption. Despite modest improvements in some regions, the majority of the country remains unsafe due to ongoing conflict and lack of law enforcement.

Central African Republic (CAR)

The CAR has seen repeated cycles of conflict and instability since its independence. Clashes between armed groups, despite peace treaties, result in regular violence and displacement, while the government struggles to maintain control outside the capital.

Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

The DRC is characterized by sporadic conflict, particularly in the eastern regions, along with rampant corruption and underdevelopment. Conflict minerals, humanitarian crises, and health emergencies, such as the Ebola outbreak, add to its challenges.


Since the 2011 overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi, Libya has been in a state of persistent turmoil. Rival governments, backed by different militias, struggle for power, leading to widespread insecurity, human trafficking, and a deteriorating humanitarian situation.


In Sudan, political instability following the 2019 overthrow of President Omar al-Bashir has been coupled with economic collapse and ongoing conflicts in various regions, particularly in Darfur. Despite a transitional government's efforts, the road to stability remains uncertain.


Understanding the dangers that persist in these nations is crucial for creating effective international policy and aid strategies. However, it's essential to remember that even in these challenging conditions, many people are working tirelessly to create change and foster peace. Every country, regardless of its current situation, holds